One of my destinations on my annual fall tiger beetle collecting trip last October was The Glass Mountains in northwestern Oklahoma. Rising from the red Permian beds of the central Great Plains, the Glass Mountains are a series of mesas and buttes capped by thick layers of the sparkling, glass-like crystal selenite. It is still common to see them referred to as the “Gloss” Mountains, the result of a transcription error by a mapmaker back in the late 1800s, and although the soils that comprise the formations are very old (laid down as sedimentary deposits during the Permian Era some 250 million years ago), the landscape itself is relatively young – a result of erosion by glacial outwash from the Rocky Mountains during the past 1 million years.
Of course, I was not here to study crystals or geology, but to look for tiger beetles! It was at this spot that earlier in the year (June) I had discovered a new population of Cylindera celeripes (Swift Tiger Beetle), a rarely-collected flightless species that has declined worrisomely during the past century, and another seldom-collected flightless species, Dromochorus pruinina (Frosted Dromo Tiger Beetle), was also a good find. Neither of these species were my reason for being here in October, however, since by then adults of both have long disappeared. Instead, I was hoping that the large, unidentified larvae that I had seen in their burrows at this site back in June would be out as adults. Their great size suggested two possibilities – Cicindela obsoleta (Large Grassland Tiger Beetle) or C. pulchra (Beautiful Tiger Beetle), either of which would be a great find. Alas, overcast skies and a cold, biting wind made whatever tiger beetles were there – lovers of sun and warmth that they are – remain secreted within their protected haunts. I still have a shot at finding out what they are – I successfully extracted two larvae from their burrows and fed them well in the laboratory with fat fall armyworm larvae before putting them to sleep for the winter in a 10°C (50°F) incubator. If all goes well, I’ll wake them up this spring and finish them out to adulthood this year.
There were a few consolation prizes on the day, one of which was this large, lumbering male tarantula seen slowly making its way down the red clay slopes. For all their charisma and noteriety, it’s interesting to note that the taxonomy of U.S. tarantulas (almost all of which belong to the genus Aphonopelma) is rather poorly known – some 50 species have been described, but many of the descriptions are inadequately based on limited material (or even single specimens) and often rely upon variable, highly artificial characters (Prentice 1997). Brown or black species with no distinctive coloration (such as this one) seem to present the greatest challenge; however, the internet seems to have concluded that the only tarantula present in Oklahoma is Aphonopelma hentzi.
This spider can be distinguished as a mature male by way of the tibial hooks that can be seen on the undersides of the front pair of walking legs in the first photo. Female and immature tarantulas normally stay in their burrows during the day and come out at night to hunt, but wanderlust strikes the adult males during late summer and fall, during which time they’ve been documented traveling as far as 1.3 km over a period of 2-3 weeks (Janowski-Bell and Horner 1999) – presumably in search of females with which to mate. It is only after the male’s final molt that wanderlust sets in and the tibial hooks appear, which are said to function in holding the female (and her fangs!) at a safe distance during copulation.
It may seem hard to believe, given its large size and slow movement, but I found this spider exceedinly difficult to photograph compared to the tiger beetles that I have spent much more time with. I’m not used to photographing subjects with a 4-5 inch leg spread, which made it difficult for me to judge working distance and get a handle on proper settings and positions for the flash units. Once I did get that under control, I found the tarantula’s incessant desire to keep moving maddeningly frustrating. Tiger beetles, as active and flighty as they are, nevertheless eventually sit still long enough to allow at least a shot or two before bolting, but this tarantula… just… never… stopped… moving! I can’t tell you how many shots I discarded because it’s legs were splayed awkwardly in multiple directions. Eventually, however, I got enough shots that I felt there should be at least a few good ones among them, and those are the ones I share here.
Most male tarantulas will die within a few weeks or months of their final molt. Still, that doesn’t deter me from scooping them up whenever I find them and bringing them home to enjoy as pets for whatever time they have left. My daughters probably like tarantulas best of any of the critters that I bring home – I never have to ask “Has anybody fed ‘Hairy’?” (and props to awesome wife for enduring something most ‘normal’ wives couldn’t even begin to contemplate).
Janowski-Bell, M. E. and N. V. Horner. 1999. Movement of the male brown tarantula, Aphonopelma Hentzi (Araneae, Theraphosidae), using radio telemetry. The Journal of Arachnology 27:503–512.
Prentice, T. R. 1997. Theraphosidae of the Mojave Desert west and north of the Colorado River (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae). The Journal of Arachnology 25:137–176.
Copyright © Ted C. MacRae 2010
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About Ted C. MacRaeTed C. MacRae is a research entomologist by vocation and beetle taxonomist by avocation. Areas of expertise in the latter include worldwide jewel beetles (Buprestidae) and North American longhorned beetles (Cerambycidae). More recent work has focused on North American tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) and their distribution, ecology, and conservation.
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Jeremiah Ordway (born November 28, 1957) is an American writer, penciller, inker and painter of comic books.
He is known for his inking work on a wide variety of DC Comics titles, including the continuity-redefining Crisis on Infinite Earths (1985–1986), his long run working on the Superman titles from 1986–1993, and for writing and painting the Captain Marveloriginal graphic novelThe Power of Shazam! (1994), and writing the ongoing monthly series from 1995–1999. He has provided inks for artists such as Curt Swan, Jack Kirby, Gil Kane, John Buscema, Steve Ditko, John Byrne, George Perez and others.
Early life and influences
Jerry Ordway was inspired in his childhood by Marvel Comics, and dreamed of drawing Daredevil, Spider-Man, and the Avengers. To date he has only worked on the latter.
Among the artists he considers influential are Curt Swan, Jack Kirby, Gil Kane, John Buscema, Steve Ditko, all of whose pencils he would later ink over. He cites Gene Colan, Wally Wood, Alex Raymond, Hal Foster and Roy Crane as early inspirations. He names contemporaries such as Lee Weeks, John Romita Jr., Ron Garney, Mike Weiringo and Alan Davis, and inkers such as Joe Sinnott, Dick Giordano, Tom Palmer and Klaus Janson.
Ordway attended Milwaukee Technical High School, where he took a three-year commercial art course, before joining a commercial art studio as a typographer in 1976. He subsequently worked his way "from the ground floor up at the art studio" between 1978 and 1981.
Before beginning his professional career as an inker, Jerry Ordway entered the comics industry as an artist and publisher for small-press comics fanzines. Ordway discovered Marvel comics in "June of 1967," and wrote in 1975 (aged 17) that he had "been drawing superheroes [ever] since." His first published work, a story entitled "The Messenger", appeared in Tim Corrigan's Superhero Comics No. 4 (April, 1975), and his own self-published fanzine Okay Comix followed in May–June, 1975.Okay Comix featured stories by Ordway and his friend Dave Koula, and art predominantly by Ordway himself. Ordway's own hero "Proton" headlined the 'zine, which featured a pin-up of a character "called Acrobat" who was "the first superhero [Ordway] created. His birth was Dec. 1969."
Spending the late 1970s working as a painter in a commercial art studio in Milwaukee, between 1978 and 1979, he provided illustrations for a number of fanzines and pro-zines, including Omniverse and The Comics Journal. His first professional work was for Western Publishing's Golden Books on young-reader Marvel books, and the Superheroes Golden Beginning Stampbook '79.
Having produced comics-related artwork for fanzines and licensed publishers, Ordway attended "a talent search at the 1980 Chicago Comicon," held by DC Comics. After showing them his "DC related artwork from the Golden Books," he "walked away with a promise of work." This work began in the summer of 1980 for "DC's anthology comics," (including Weird War Tales and Mystery in Space) in which he "inked Carmine Infantino, Trevor Von Eeden, as well as Joe Staton, and Dave Cockrum." After continuing to work at the art studio for a further six months, inking comics for DC by night, Ordway began "freelancing full time in February 1981." During the mid-1980s, he "shared a studio with other artists, including Machlan, Pat Broderick, and Al Vey."
At DC, he would illustrate All-Star Squadron, a series which he helped launch in an insert preview in Justice League of America No. 193 (Aug. 1981). With writer Roy Thomas, he co-created Infinity, Inc. in All-Star Squadron No. 25 (Sept. 1983) and the new team was launched in its own series in March 1984. Ordway inked DC Comics Presents Annual No. 4 (1985) over artist Eduardo Barreto's pencils and was one of several artists on Batman Annual No. 9 (July 1985). He also inked George Pérez's pencils on the epic crossover miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths in 1985. Ordway inked Superman artist Wayne Boring's pencils for a retelling of the definitive Golden Age Superman origin story written by Roy Thomas in Secret Origins No. 1 (April 1986), which he considers a particular favorite. Ordway was the penciller and inker for the DC Comics adaptation of the 1989 Batman film which was published as a "movie special".
Ordway has noted that "Inking is a weird job, because as much as you put into it, the page still belongs to the penciler."
Main articles: Superman and The Man of Steel (comics)
In 1986, along with writer/artist John Byrne and writer Marv Wolfman, Ordway revamped Superman, in the wake of the Ordway-inked continuity-redefining maxiseries Crisis on Infinite Earths. Launching, with a revised origin and new continuity, in Byrne's miniseries, The Man of Steel, Superman soon returned to featuring in a number of titles. After the titular title Superman was cancelled and replaced with The Man of Steel, it was relaunched as The Adventures of Superman, continuing the numbering of the original Superman series, with Wolfman as writer and Ordway as artist.
When Wolfman departed the title with issue #435, Byrne briefly took over script writing duties before Ordway assumed the mantle of writer-artist and took over the series solely with issue #445 (Oct. 1988), making his writing debut two issues earlier with #443 (Aug. 1988). Ordway had also served as co-plotter on a few issues during both Wolfman and Bryne's writing tenures (issues #426, 435-437, 439-442, and 444). Switching from The Adventures of Superman, Ordway became the writer-artist on the companion title Superman vol. 2 between #34 (Aug. 1989) and #55 (May 1991), before later returning to Adventures of Superman as writer and sometimes as cover artist from issues #480 (July 1991) to #500 (June 1993). Ordway was the writer and primary artist for the story in which Clark Kent proposes to Lois Lane. While writing for the Superman family of titles, Ordway cowrote such storylines as "Panic in the Sky" and "The Death of Superman" storyline in 1992. After seven years working on the character, Ordway largely left the Superman titles in 1993, although he would make frequent returns to the character as writer and throughout his career, co-writing Adventures of Superman with Karl Kesel from issues #539–540, 558–562, 564–567 in 1996, and 1998–1999. In Nov. 2017, he drew the variant cover for Action Comics #992 (cover dated Jan. 2018).
During the 50th anniversary celebrations for Superman, he inked John Byrne's pencils for the cover of the March 14, 1988 issue of Time magazine and an interior spread celebrating the Man of Steel's anniversary. Ordway has produced a large number of covers for DC from 1982 onwards, including for issues of Secret Origins and the painted cover art to the hardcover reprint collection The Greatest Golden Age Stories Ever Told. He produced the cover art for the prestige format graphic novels, Superman: The Earth Stealers in 1988 where he inked Curt Swan's pencils and Superman For Earth (1991), among other work.
Main article: The Power of Shazam!
In 1994, Ordway masterminded the return of the original Captain Marvel to the DC Universe with the 96-page hardcover graphic novel The Power of Shazam!, which he both wrote and painted. The story saw Ordway depict the revamped origins of the former-Fawcett Comics superhero. It proved to be a success, and was followed by an ongoing monthly series, also titled The Power of Shazam! (which ran between 1995 and 1999). Ordway wrote and provided painted covers for the entire run of the regular series, as well as illustrating fill-in issues between series-regular artists Peter Krause and Mike Manley. Towards the end of the series run, he again took on the dual role of writer & artist.
During the mid-1980s, Ordway provided covers and occasional artwork to titles from a number of different comics companies. Companies included Wendy and Richard Pini's WaRP Graphics, AC Comics, Charlton Comics, Paragon Publications and fan-turned-pro Marty Greim. For Eclipse Comics, Ordway provided pencils for a short "Epilogue" story in Mark Evanier's DNAgents No. 18 (Jan. 1985). He produced Munden's Bar for First Comics, and provided pencils and inks on an issue of T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents.
For Image Comics, Ordway co-created the character WildStar with Al Gordon in 1993, and published his creator-owned one-shot The Messenger in July 2000.
Although the vast majority of Ordway's professional work has been produced for DC, Ordway inked issues of Marvel's Fantastic Four. He produced occasional work for Marvel between 1984 and 1988, then returned a decade later to write and illustrate a three-issue arc of The Avengers vol. 3 #16–18 (1999), guest artist on Captain America (vol. 3) #32 (Aug. 2000) with writer Dan Jurgens, as well as penciling the four-issue crossover mini-series Maximum Security (#1–3 and prologue Dangerous Planet), and writer/penciller on a U.S. Agent mini-series in 2000–2001.
Other DC work
As well as inking most of Crisis on Infinite Earths, Ordway inked the second of DC's continuity-redefining event titles in 1994 by inking writer-artist Dan Jurgens' pencils on Zero Hour: Crisis in Time. In 2001, he drew the one-shot Just Imagine... Stan Lee with Jerry Ordway Creating the JLA as part of Marvel-stalwart Stan Lee's foray into the DC Universe, in which the two of them re-imagined DC's Justice League of America. He inked the last year (May 2002–May 2003) of the Batman-related title Azrael: Agent of the Bat (#88–100), and provided the artwork for a six-issue story arc in Wonder Woman (vol. 2, issues #189–194), with writer Walt Simonson in 2003. In 2004, Ordway was inker on JLA issues #94–99, the “Tenth Circle” story arc which reunited the former Uncanny X-Men creative team of writer Chris Claremont and artist John Byrne. From 2003–2008, he provided new covers to the Superman: The Man of Steel series of six trade paperbacks, collecting the early adventures of the Post-Crisis Superman. To celebrate the twentieth anniversary of the original Crisis, DC published Geoff Johns' Infinite Crisis limited series (Dec. 2005–June 2006), for which Ordway provided the artwork for the flashback scenes set on Earth-Two, including a recreation of the cover to Action Comics #1, which he cites as another favorite piece of his. In the wake of Infinite Crisis, he inked Dan Jurgens' pencils once again in the "History of the Multiverse" back-up stories in the weekly comic book Countdown (issues No. 39 and No. 38, Chapters 11 and 12) (October 2007).
His work since 2008 includes pencilling three issues of The Brave and the Bold (volume 2) (#11–13, May–July 2008) with writer Mark Waid, and pencils for Justice Society of America Annual No. 1 (Sept. 2008), alongside some interior artwork for the ongoing Justice Society of America series during late 2008. In 2012, Ordway worked on a Challengers of the Unknown storyline for DC Universe Presents with DC Co-Publisher Dan DiDio. Later that same year, he drew a Human Bomb limited series which was written by Justin Gray and Jimmy Palmiotti. Ordway and artist Steve Rude produced a Superman story for DC's Adventures of Superman digital series in 2014.
Ordway received an Inkpot Award in 1994. In 2017, he was awarded the Inkwell AwardsJoe Sinnott Hall of Fame Award for "an inking career in American comic books of outstanding accomplishment."
Ordway is married to Peggy May Ordway (b. 1959).
- 52 #23 (Wildcat backup story) (artist) (2006)
- Action Comics #600 (Lois Lane backup story) (inker); #650 (penciller); #667 (artist); Annual #2 (writer/penciller) (1988-1991); #992 (variant cover art, 2017)
- Adventure Comics vol. 2 #4-5 (penciller) (2010)
- Adventures of Superman #424-435 (artist); #436-442, 444 (plotter/penciller); #443, 456, 480-500, 539-540, 558-562, 564-567 (writer); #445-451, 453-455 (writer/penciller) (1987-1999)
- Adventures of Superman vol. 2 #17 (writer) (2014)
- All New Atom #19 (penciller) (2008)
- All-Star Squadron #1-15 (inker); #19-26, 29, Annual #1-3 (penciller) (1981-1984)
- America vs. the Justice Society #1 (artist) (1985)
- The Authority: The Lost Year #12 (penciller) (2010)
- Batman Annual #9 (artist) (1985)
- The Batman Chronicles#7 (writer) (1997)
- Batman:The Official Comic Adaptation #1 (artist) (1989)
- Blackest Night: Tales of the Corps #1 (artist) (2009)
- Booster Gold vol. 2 #13-14 (inker); #30 (artist) (2008-2010)
- The Brave and the Bold vol. 3 #11-13 (penciller) (2008)
- Countdown #39-38 (inker) (2007)
- Crisis on Infinite Earths #5-12 (inker) (1985-1986)
- DC Comics Presents Annual #4 (inker) (1985)
- DC Comics Presents: Mystery in Space #1 (penciller) (2004)
- DC Universe: Legacies #6 (penciller); #7-8 (inker) (2010-2011)
- DC Universe Presents #6-8 (Challengers of the Unknown) (penciller) (2012)
- Doomsday Annual #1 (writer/inker) (1995)
- Fanboy #1 (artist) (1999)
- Gog #1 (penciller) (1998)
- Green Lantern vol. 4 #49 (artist) (2010)
- Green Lantern vol. 5 #20 (artist) (2013)
- Green Lantern Corps #18 (inker) (2008)
- Green Lantern Movie Prequel: Hal Jordan #1 (artist) (2011)
- Green Lantern Movie Prequel: Sinestro #1 (artists) (2011)
- Heroes Against Hunger #1 (inker) (1986)
- House of Mystery #319 (artist) (1983)
- Human Bomb #1-4 (artist) (2013)
- Infinite Crisis #5-6 (artist); #7 (inker) (2006)
- Infinite Crisis Secret Files 2006 #1 (inker) (2006)
- Infinity, Inc. #1-10 (penciller); Annual #2 (1984-1988)
- JLA #94-99 (inker) (2004)
- JLA: Classified #34 (inker) (2007)
- Joker: Last Laugh Secret Files #1 (writer) (2001)
- JSA #63-64 (penciller); #86-87 (artist) (2004-2006)
- JSA 80-Page Giant #1 (writer/artist) (2010)
- Just Imagine Stan Lee with Jerry Ordway Creating JLA #1 (artist) (2002)
- Justice League of America #193 (All-Star Squadron insert preview) (inker) (1981)
- Justice Society of America #18-21, 53, 54, Annual #1 (penciller); #23-25, 27-28 (writer/penciller) (2008-2011)
- Mystery in Space #117 (inker) (1981)
- Outsiders #10 (artist); #13 (inker) (1986)
- Planetary/JLA: Terra Occulta #1 (artist) (2002)
- Power of Shazam HC (writer/artist) (1994)
- Power of Shazam #1-41, Annual #1 (writer); #42-47, #1,000,000 (writer/penciller) (1995-1999)
- Red Menace #1-6 (penciller) (2007)
- Secret Origins #1 (inker) (1986)
- Sergio Aragonés Destroys DC #1 (inker) (1996)
- Showcase '95 #10 (writer) (1995)
- Showcase '96 #7 (writer) (1996)
- Superman vol. 2 #31, 34-35, 39, 110 (writer); #36-38, 40-47, 49-55 (writer/penciller); #57 (inker); #226 (artist) (1989-2006)
- Superman/Batman #72-75 (artist) (2010)
- Superman: Secret Files and Origins #1 (inker) (1998)
- Superman: The Earth Stealers #1 (inker) (1988)
- Superman: The Legacy of Superman #1 (writer) (1993)
- Superman: The Man of Steel #1 (inker); #1,000,000 (writer) (1991-1998)
- Superman: The Wedding Album #1 (inker) (1996)
- T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents #2 (artist) (2012)
- Tales of the Sinestro Corps: Superman Prime #1 (artist) (2007)
- Trinity #3-4, 16 (inker) (2008)
- Weird War Tales #99-100, 102-103, 106 (inker) (1981)
- Weird Worlds vol. 2 #1 (artist) (2011)
- Wonder Woman #294 (Huntress backup stories) (inker) (1982)
- Wonder Woman vol. 2 #189-194 (penciller) (2003)
- Worlds' Finest #5 (artist) (2012)
- Zero Hour: Crisis in Time #4-0 (inker) (1994)
America's Best Comics
- Tom Strong #5, 20-21 (penciller); #22, 31-32 (artist) (1999-2005)
- Tom Strong's Terrific Tales #3, 6 (artist) (2002-2003)
- Top 10: Beyond the Farthest Precinct #1-5 (artist) (2005-2006)
- Action Planet Comics #3 (writer/artist) (1997)
- The Messenger (one-shot) (writer/artist) (2000)
- Phantom Force #2 (inker) (1994)
- WildStar: Sky Zero #1-4 (penciller) (1993)
- WildStar #1 (variant cover art inker) (1995)
- The Avengers vol. 3 #16-18 (writer/penciller) (1999)
- Captain America vol. 3 #32 (artist) (Aug. 2000)
- Domination Factor: Avengers #2, 4, 6, 8 (writer/penciller) (1999-2000)
- Fantastic Four #276-283 (inker); #294-296 (penciler) (1985-1986)
- Hulk #9-11 (writer) (1999-2000)
- Maximum Security #1-3 (penciler) (2000-2001)
- Maximum Security: Dangerous Planet #1 (penciler) (2000)
- Thor vol. 2 #9 (inker) (1999)
- Thor 2000 #1 (artist) (2000)
- U.S. Agent #1-3 (writer/penciller) (2001)
- What The--?! #2 (inker) (1988)
- ^ abOrdway, Jerry "What? Another 'zine?" in Ordway's Okay Comix No. 1 (May–June, 1975), p. 2
- ^ abcdefJerry, Bails; Ware, Hames. "Jerry Ordway". Who's Who in American Comics. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- ^ abMiller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- ^ abcdefghi"Jerry Ordway interview". RoughHouseInk. 2006. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- ^"Jerry Ordway". Lambiek Comiclopedia. August 27, 2010. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012.
- ^Okay Comix No. 1 (May–June, 1975), p. 24
- ^ abcdefghijJerry Ordway at the Grand Comics Database
- ^Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1980s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
- ^Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 207: "Written by DC's Golden Age guru Roy Thomas and drawn by Jerry Ordway, Infinity, Inc. was released in DC's new deluxe format on bright Baxter paper."
- ^Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 226: "The original Superman title had adopted the new title The Adventures of Superman but continued the original numbering of its long and storied history. Popular writer Marv Wolfman and artist Jerry Ordway handled the creative chores."
- ^Ordway, Jerry (w), Jurgens, Dan; Breeding, Brett; Gammill, Kerry; Swan, Curt; Ordway, Jerry; Byrne, John (p), Breeding, Brett; Janke, Dennis; Byrne, John; Ordway, Jerry (i). "Krisis of the Krimson Kryptonite, Part 4: The Human Factor" Superman v2, 50 (December 1990)
- ^Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 247: "When [Clark Kent] proposed to his longtime love Lois Lane, he did so in a modest fashion...Lois accepted and comic book history was made, served up by writer/artist Jerry Ordway."
- ^Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 253: "In this seven-part adventure...writers Dan Jurgens, Jerry Ordway, Roger Stern, and Louise Simonson, with artists Brett Breeding, Tom Grummett, Jon Bogdanove, and Bob McLeod assembled many of DC's favorite characters to defend the world."
- ^Friedrich, Otto (March 14, 1988). "Superman at 50". Time Archive 1923 to the Present. New York, New York: Time. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
- ^The Greatest Golden Age Stories Ever Told. New York, New York: DC Comics. 1990. p. 288. ISBN 0-930289-57-9.
- ^Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 269: "Writer Jerry Ordway chronicled the further adventures of Billy Batson, the World's Mightiest Mortal, in the new ongoing effort The Power of Shazam!, alongside artists Mike Manley and Peter Krause."
- ^Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 266: "In DC's newest summer blockbuster Zero Hour, writer/artist Dan Jurgens and finisher Jerry Ordway crafted a five-issue story that began with issue #4, and counted backward to zero."
- ^"DiDio Takes "Challengers of the Unknown" Into DCU Presents". Comic Book Resources. November 10, 2011. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- ^Campbell, Josie (September 14, 2012). "Exclusive: Palmiotti & Gray Detonate a 'Human Bomb'". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
- ^Khouri, Andy (April 11, 2014). "Jerry Ordway & Steve Rude's Adventures of Superman Is Like 'A Lost Fleischer Cartoon'". ComicsAlliance. Archived from the original on July 4, 2014.
- ^"Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
- ^Evans, Rhys (July 2, 2017). "2017 Winners". Inkwell Awards. Archived from the original on August 16, 2017.
- ^"2017 Inkwell Award Winners". Newsarama. June 19, 2017. Archived from the original on August 16, 2017.